Labour law is the law relating to right and responsibilities of the workers. Indian labour law refers to the laws regulating labour and workers in India. In India labour matters are in the jurisdiction of both central and state government.
In the constitution of India, article 14-16, 19(1) (c), 23-24, 38, and 41-43 A directly concerns with the labour rights.
Labour Law mediates the relationship between workers and business entities, trade unions and the governments.
Indian labour law makes the distinct between the workers working in organized sector and workers in unorganized sector.
The laws list the various types of industries on which the various labour laws applies, who do not fall in these lists, simply law of contract applies on them.
The labour law act 1988 talks about the rights of the workers, their wages, weekly holiday, pension, daily hours of working, deductions, fines, and nature of welfare amenities provided, etc.
The constitution of India, 1950 mentions a series of fundamental labour rights in the constitution, particularly the right to join and take actions in a trade union, the principle of equality at work, and the inspiration to create a living wage with decent working conditions.
Labour law gives special protection to the women working in night, according to labour law, company can only ask them to work in night if they are providing sufficient and proper facilities and protection environment.
Thus labour law has many provision which allows the workers to work efficiently by providing them sufficient amount of protection of their rights and fair working policies.