Criminal Law is the law for a crime, that’s why it called as a law of crime. A criminal law is known as criminology – the study of crime and punishment. Criminal law is related to the wrong or against the public or individual.

Criminal law is divided into two categories:

  1. Substantive Law
  2. Procedure Law

Substantive Law– It provides the definition of various crime and offense. The IPC(Indian Penal Code) come under it.

Procedure Law– It provides the mechanism for the obligation of the criminal law. The CPC(code of criminal procedure) come under it.

Below is the process of criminal cases, that is important to understand the multiple terminologies:

  1. Bailable Crime: It is a crime in which bail can be granted by the fulfillment of certain condition as a matter come under of section 436of CPC.
  2. Non- Bailable Crime: Those offenses in which court will not granted a bail, but the victim can apply for the bail under section 437 and 439 CPC. It is the matter of judicial discretion of the court.
  3. Anticipatory Bail– Under section 438 CPC, if any person will arrest on a wrong accusation of nonbailable crime can apply before a court for a direction to police immediately release that person.
  4. Cognizable case: Police can arrest the victim without any arrest warrant.

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Flowchart of the Criminal Cases:

flow chart of criminal cases

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